Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMO)

What an HMO is

A house in multiple occupation (HMO) is any rented property with three or more people forming two or more households and sharing a facility such as a kitchen or bathroom.

Properties that meet these criteria must comply with the requirements set out in the Housing Act 2004 and The Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (England) Regulations 2006.  

Licensing an HMO

An HMO must have a licence if it is occupied by five or more people in two or more households.

Failure to license an HMO

Letting out or managing a licensable HMO without a licence and/or failure to comply with the requirements of a licence is a criminal offence. Landlords who do not comply could face:

  • an unlimited fine
  • civil penalty of up to £30,000. 

Tenants may also be able to claim back up to 12 months' rent via a Rent Repayment Order.

Find out more in our:

Apply for a licence

Application process

Read more about the  HMO licensing application process (PDF 165KB). The guide also includes a list of all required supporting documents. For full details on 'fit and proper person' requirements, please read our  Fit and Proper Landlord Statement (PDF 524KB).

Licence fees

Our fees for 2024-2025 are as follows:

HMO licence fees and charges
HMO Licence fee Part 1: Initial licence fee application (includes renewal of licences) for property up to five rooms. Part 1 of the HMO licence application is not refundable, due to costs incurred and works carried out by our officers£841
HMO Licence fee Part 2: Ongoing management of five-year licence (includes renewals)£506
Additional bedrooms (for each room over the standard five rooms)£18

You can pay your licence fee online using the link below.

Pay online

HMO licence conditions 

Your HMO licence will contain a number of conditions, including:

  • Fire safety requirements
  • Facilities and property conditions
  • Management requirements 

Property conditions

Houses of Multiple Occupancy (HMOs) have a minimum standard that they must conform to. These are outlined in our  Amenity Standards for Houses in Multiple Occupation (PDF 318KB).

Fire safety

The Fire Safety requirements within HMOs are outlined in this  Guide to Fire Safety in Houses in Multiple Occupation (PDF 1MB).

We've created a  Fire Risk Assessment Guide and Example Form (PDF 513KB) to help landlords conduct the thorough fire safety risk assessments.

Reporting a suspected HMO in Dacorum

If you're aware of a property in Dacorum that's available to rent as an HMO, or if you suspect an unregistered HMO, please report it using our online form below.

Report a suspected unlicensed HMO in Dacorum

Public register 

We are required (under section 232 of the Housing Act 2004) to maintain and make available a public  Register of Licensed Houses in Multiple Occupation (PDF 3.5MB).

Find out more about the legislation regarding the public register of licences.

More information

For more information, please email or call 01442 228000 and ask for "Private Sector Housing". You can also read our  Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMO) Policy (PDF 833KB).

For more on HMOs and licensing, please visit the Government or Shelter websites.

Page Last Updated: Monday, 03 June 2024 at 08:50 AM